反脆弱 Antifragile – 作者Nassim Nicholas Taleb

看完這本黑天鵝作者(Nassim Nicholas Taleb)的反脆弱(Antifragile)這本書,似乎意識到了,什麼是”反脆弱”,反脆弱就是不會被打敗的一種特性跟強韌不太一樣,強韌的東西,可能也因為時間,而消失湮滅,但反脆弱不一樣,反脆弱是越挫越勇的一種特性,而”反脆弱”也處處的可以在我們的生活上發現,包含我們的DNA,也是反脆弱機制流傳下來的。

書上有說到一種槓鈴機制,就像槓鈴一樣,兩端掛著重重的槓片,一端我們絕對避免風險,一端我們擁抱風險,如此同時進行,我們可以呈現出一種”反脆弱”的效應
例如:投資的時候,我們50%持有現金或等同於現金的投資方法,另外50%我們投資目前市面上技術最先進、護城河最大、最會賺錢的幾間公司 或是 超高風險但可能超高收益的標的,如此我們可以控制到我們最大的損失就是50%的資金,但可能造成無限大的收益,如此我們擁有”反脆弱”的屬性。

同理,我們也可以運用在健身上面,做超高強度(以突破自己極限為目標),然後休息,散步,也是符合作者說的槓鈴機制,而不是中庸地訓練,但是肌肉可能不會有什麼顯著的成長

在作者希望我們可以有反脆弱的屬性的同時,也譴責了現代社會上的許多職業,他們的反脆弱屬性,都是靠剝奪其他人的權利得來的,例如:無良的基金的經理人、銀行的高階主管,公司顧問、政府高級官員,因為他們只是為了自己的財富著想,沒有真正替他們應該服務的人創造真正的收益,而反而暴露大量的風險在其他人身上,這是極為不道德的,偏偏我們的法律,也很難制裁他們

這時,如果我們的法律,如同漢摩拉比法典(以牙還牙,以眼還眼的方式),當銀行家故意地掏空投資人的錢,導致人家家破人亡,會被砍頭,是否這些人就不敢這麼做呢?

可笑的是,三千多年前的法律,可能更能規範人們的貪婪,大家的反脆弱性,可能更強

於是,當你發現有人對於他自己的言論、他自己的承諾,他自己的基金,沒有言行如一、沒有信守、沒有投資,那麼你就要小心了,這個人真的在為他的行為負責嗎? 還是他只是個厲害的演員或是演說家,希望你相信,掉入某個陷阱

希望自己未來也可以言行如一,去實踐自己腦中的想法,但也有控管好風險,讓自己擁有反脆弱屬性,不被擊敗,越挫越勇

最後,作者在書中,非常感謝創業家們的努力,因為他們帶給這個社會進步,擁有了反脆弱性,儘管他們往往失敗、還沒成功的時候被瞧不起…等,而創業家們,往往都是實踐家,而不是演說家,放在古代,這就是一種騎士精神吧…

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